December 3, 2018

They are not your regular tunnels, but a very complex network of tunnels which served as hospitals, living quarters, communication and provide routes, as well as storage areas to the weapons and food from the Viet Cong guerrillas. They were constructed without resorting to any sophisticated machines or tools only crude tools and human resilience. The Viet Cong guerrillas began building them during their proof against french from the late 1940s. Its original purpose was for communication between villages without getting detected with the French army. In 1960, however, Vietnam’s National Liberation Front began excavating and increasing the tunnels. The tunnel system was very strategic leading to the victory with the North Vietnamese Army from the Americans.

These types of secret tunnels were built underneath American bases. Its importance was not only tied to military purposes but in addition took over as the hub with the Vietnamese community life since the Americans burned and destroyed villages. Everything proceeded as normal for your Vietnamese during these tunnels where lovers met, couples get married to, children visited school, and performances were held.

All has not been normal, of course. The Vietnamese had to face the difficulties of just living in cramped quarters where ants, scorpions, vermin, and poisonous centipedes thrive. Aside from that, they have to ration everything because food, water, and also air were scarce. Most of the time, they merely got from the tunnels during the night to scavenge something that would be useful for the community if they were supplies or food. If the Americans bombed and infiltrate villages, they’d to keep during these claustrophobic quarters for what gave the look of endless days. Those living conditions made sickness, especially malaria, rampant. In reality, it may be the second major cause of death among the Vietnamese in that time. Adding to that, almost all of the tunnel inhabitants had serious instances of intestinal parasites.

Whilst the Cu Chi tunnels had been a haven for your Vietnamese, it was a source of frustration for your Americans. That they had tried various types of detection and infiltration which are all failing. The American troops conducted major operations burning villages, bulldozing jungles, and destroying rice paddies. They deployed planes which sprayed chemicals to defoliate other places burning it afterwards. Through these offensive attacks, the Vietnamese guerrillas, combined with the other villages, remained safe and secured in their tunnels. Regardless of this, only 6,000 Vietnamese from your original 16,000 tunnel inhabitants could actually survive as soon as the war.

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